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Ravencraft鸦语——《翻译组:冬季有效拟饵“VIB”》

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发表于 2021-1-6 11:38:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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An Effective Winter Lure:The Lipless Crankbait

本文是由原自由之路论坛版主“土拨鼠”先生上传于翻译组板块的由Kevin Scarselli撰写的经典文章,由鸦语团队同原自由之路负责人协商后刊登转载。文章采用中英对照形式,如涉及英文版权将及时更正。(另,文章为主观翻译,若译文内容有异议请及时留言后台,期待共同成长!)
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考虑到常规翻译习惯,本文将“Lipless Crankbait”直接翻译成“VIB”


At first thought, the lipless crankbait is far from typical when it comes to fishing in the winter months. When water temps get down into the 30’s, anglers tend to open up their “specialty” boxes filled with all kinds of winter-specific lures, such as hair jigs and blade baits. And when they can’t connect with these few cold weather lures, they assume that nothing else will.
乍一想,当钓鱼进入冬季的时候,VIB远不是典型的冬季拟饵。当水温降至1摄氏度时,钓手们常打开自己的“专用”盒子,里面是各种冬季专用拟饵,如毛发jig,刀片饵(铁板VIB)。若他们用这些低水温拟饵无法获得咬口的时候,他们就束手无策了。

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It is my assertion that the lipless crankbait is a top 5 wintertime bait. Where it falls in that top 5 list is debatable, but today, I want to make a case for the lipless crankbait and explain why it works so well in the cold, and the techniques that will produce at this time of year with it.
而我则坚持认为VIB一定是在冬季拟饵排名的前五之一。这也许存在许多争议,但是今天,我想提出充分的理由来解释为什么VIB在低水温时如此奏效,同时分享一些VIB的使用心得。
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冬季困境之一Bass停留在底层Bass Sitting On Bottom
In the winter, you got a lot of things to contend with. First and foremost, a lot of bass will be sitting on the bottom. While a few fish will suspend, if your fishing up off the bottom in the winter, you’re probably not catching fish.
冬季,你需要克服的困难有许多。首当其冲的,便是大部分bass将停留在底层。也有一部分鱼悬浮,如果冬季做钓,你的饵不能停留在底层,你十有八九钓不到鱼。

冬季困境之二Bass紧挨结构Bass Are Relating To Structure
Second, the fish are more likely to be relating to structure instead of cover. In other words, it won’t be as easy as finding a laydown or stump and throwing at that cover. They are going to be on structure, such as ledges and drop offs. This kind of structure can only be seen with your sonar or good topo map.
其次,鱼更多的挨着结构而非遮蔽物。换句话说,并不是你找一颗倒树或者一些树桩然后把饵抛进这些障碍那么简单。鱼这时在结构处,比如崖壁,陡坡等等。这样的结构只能在声纳图或者是湖泊图中看到。

冬季困境之三许多碎片Debris, and lot’s of it.
The third thing you’re contending with at this time of year is debris, be it on the surface or on the bottom. Most of the time it’s soggy leaves. It could also be really mucky algae-like slime that loves to cover any hard rocks or gravel. Try fishing a pond at this time of year with a lipped crankbait and see how many times you foul up… it’ll be every time.
再次,这个季节你需要对抗的,不管水面还是水底,都有许多“碎片”。大部分情况下是那些沉入水中的落叶,也有可能是那些喜欢附着在岩石上的藻类,如果你用Crankbait试试就知道了,舌板上常常挂着这些东西。

冬季困境之四Bass结群Bass Are Grouped Up
Lastly, the fish will be grouped up much more than they are at other times of the year. This can be a good thing, but it does mean that areas of productive water are lessened. You will have to cover lots of water quickly to find those groups of fish. The only way to avoid having to cover lots of water is to know where the fish are already, but rarely is it that easy. Your sonar is your best friend, but unless you have a color graph or know how to read and spot fish with grayline, even that can be tough since these fish are often sitting right on the bottom.
最后,bass在冬季结群的现象,比一年中任何时间都多的多。这也许是件好事,但是同时,这也意味着出鱼的有效水域减少了。你不得不快速的搜索大量水域去找出这些结群的鱼。若要避免这样大范围的搜索,唯一的可能是你已经知道鱼在哪里,但这远没有想象的那么容易。声纳探鱼器将是你最好的助手,即便如此,因为这些鱼常常停留在底层,要真正读懂声纳图也不是一件简单的事情。


VIB: 覆盖以上所有基本点Lipless Crankbait: Covering All The Bases
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So with all these factors in mind, let’s discuss why the lipless crankbait is a top performer for these conditions. Since bass will be sitting on the bottom, a lipless crankbait is perfect for fishing right on the bottom througout the whole retrieve. The beauty of the lipless crankbait is that there is no bill to dig into the bottom. During the winter, kicking up mud and debris with a diving bill is an overpowering presentation to low-metabolism fish. And with all the mucky leaves and slime on the bottom, a diving bill will foul up every cast.
带着以上这些基本的因素,让我们来讨论为什么VIB在应对这些困境时表现出众。因为bass停留在底部,VIB在整个回收过程中,都可以很好的覆盖水底。在冬季,用舌板去敲击泥底和水中的“碎片”对于冬季新陈代谢缓慢的鱼来说,有点power过头了。带着那些腐败的树叶和稀烂的藻类,下潜的舌板可能会把你的每次抛投都弄遭。

Because a lipless crankbait is well, lipless, you can slowly swim it right on the bottom through the leaves and debris. That front treble hook will not foul up on leaves as much as you think, and only the leading hook point will snag algae. Though that leading hook point may snag slime, it won’t be enough to kill the action of the bait. And since you are fishing the bait along the bottom, the fish won’t notice you snagged the slime anyway. You just keep fishing the bait, knowing you have a little algae on that front tine.
因为VIB不带舌板,你就可以让它很慢的贴着那些树叶和“碎片”游过去。VIB的胸钩也没你想象的那么容易挂到那些落叶。有时候其中的一枚钩子会挂到一些藻类和泥巴,但不足以影响饵的整体动作。而且鱼也不会注意到钩尖上的那点烂泥。你无需理会,正常回收即可。

So if you’re working your bait and you feel like you do snag a leaf, just give the rod a short and quick pump to shake it free or rip it off. I’d say about 75% of the time it will clear the hooks, which is perfectly acceptable. And for the best results, keep your rod tip high in the air as you are retrieving the lure, so as to keep the nose of the bait from digging into the bottom or debris. This is a critical aspect of being able to work a lipless crankbait through the bottom without fouling up constantly.
当你控饵时感觉真的挂到点杂物时,短而快的向上抽动一下竿尖,直接把饵弹出来。根据我的经验,大概75%的情况下,这样做可以把钩子清理干净。当然,最好的方法是,抬高竿尖以控制饵的角度,避免VIB头部过多的撞击到底部或者那些“碎片”。这是操作VIB非常重要的一个方面。

Fluorocarbon line is a must for this technique because of it’s low-stretch and feel. Bites will be light and you’ll need a low-stretch line to clear the hooks of debris. It’s invisibility is a major plus as well.
此时氟碳线会是应对这种情况的理想选择,因为它延展性低,且感度高。咬口可能会很轻;此外它的透明性也是一大优点。

Since bass are going to be grouped up and the areas of productivity will be fewer, covering water will be crucial in finding those congregations of fish. Being a pro at reading your sonar is a major benefit, but let’s face it, not everyone is capable of interpreting their displays, nor does everyone have an expensive color sonar to work with. But all this doesn’t matter if you’re fishing a lipless crankbait. That lipless crankbait will be a much more efficient means of finding fish than your sonar. Use your sonar to find good structure, then put the lipless crankbait to work to find the fish.
因为bass结群,出鱼的地方变得更少,因此覆盖大面积的水域将成为找鱼的关键。如果你非常擅长于读声呐图,你将更快的找出答案。但问题在于,不是每个人都能准确的读出图像背后的信息,也不是每个人都能买得起昂贵的彩色声纳探鱼器。但是如果你用VIB做钓的话,这些都不是问题。VIB会比你的声纳探鱼器更快找到鱼。用探鱼器去找寻好的结构,然后再抛VIB去找出结构里的鱼。


颜色、规格和装备Colors, Sizes and Equipment
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For lipless crankbaits in the winter, there are really only two color patterns that you need to concern yourself with. A clear water color, and a stained water color. For clear water, any shad pattern will suffice. For dirty water, the name of the game is being seen, and there is no better color than firetiger for this purpose.
对于冬季的VIB做钓来说,你只需要考虑两种类型的颜色就好。一种是清水色系,一种是浊水色系。清水中,鲱鱼色系的就足够了。如果水比较浑浊的话,那么你必须让鱼看到你的饵,所以这种情况下没什么比“斑纹虎”更好了。

The size of your lipless crankbait is dependent on the depth you will be fishing. For most applications, and for any water deeper than 7-8 ft., a 1/2 oz. bait is preferred. For shallower water in the 4-6 ft. zone, a 3/8 oz. will be easier to fish, and any shallower should go to a 1/4 oz.
VIB的大小,取决于你做钓水域的深潜。大部分情况下,以及水深超过7~8英尺(约2.1~2.4米)的情况下,1/2盎司(14g)的最合适。水深如果较浅,在4~6英尺(约1.2米~1.8米)时,3/8盎司(10.5g)的饵比较合适。如果比这还浅的话,就选1/4盎司(7g)的好了。

The reel doesn’t matter much, but use the highest speed gear ratio baitcaster you can. By using a high speed gear ratio, it allows you to crank slower and thus have greater feel of your lure. When you have to crank fast, you lose a lot of feel due to the movement of your hands. The slower you can crank, the more sensitivity you will gain.
轮子关系不大,但是尽量选择高速比的轮子吧。因为用高速比的轮子,能让你以较低的频率摇轮,这样的话你能更好的感知线那头的饵。如果你不得不摇的很快的话,你会因为手部的快速运动而损失很多感度。你摇的越慢,你手上能获得的触感越细微。

The rod is of utmost importance for this technique. For deep water, you can get away with anything in the 6′6″ to 7′0″ range. Anything shallower, such as when fishing ponds, the 7′0″ will make life much easier on you by keeping the bait’s nose from digging into the bottom and debris. Your rod action should be Medium-Heavy. A medium action rod tends to be too soft at the tip. When you are reeling your lure through leaves and other debris sitting on the bottom, you’re going to be feeling all kinds of heaviness and muckiness through your rod, and with a soft, medium action rod tip, you’ll have way too much transmission coming down the rod. All you are interested in is feeling the vibration of the lure, and feeling enough of the bottom to know you are on the bottom. Anything more will create too much noise for feeling bites and make it harder to detect those bites when they happen. This is a case where less sensitivity can be more.
竿子在整个技法中是最重要的。在深水做钓中,你可以选择任何介于6尺6到7尺之间的长度。但是当你做钓浅水的时候,7尺长的竿子会给你带来很多便利,让饵保持和底部的轻微触碰同时避免头部过多的扎入泥泞和“碎片”中。竿子以MH为好。M调的竿子可能竿尖会太软。当你把饵慢慢从这些落叶和其他“碎片”中收回来的时候,你将通过竿子去感受饵触碰到的所有东西。但如果是M调的软竿子,从竿尖传来的各种信号就太多了。你所感兴趣的只是感受VIB的震动以及确认饵与底部的接触。而其他更多的信息都会成为“噪音”,给你感知咬口造成困难。这种情况下,竿子并不需要太快的调性,慢一些反而是好事!
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Most of the time, your goal will be to retrieve the lipless crankbait as slow as you possibly can while maintaining the lures vibration and keeping contact with the bottom.
大部分情况下,你的目标应该是在确保饵的震动频率和与底部的接触时,以尽量慢的速度收回。

Go to a winter tournament anywhere in the US and take a look at the baits anglers have tied on. Very few, if any at all, will have a lipless crankbait tied onto one of their rods. Perhaps this is why it is so effective at this time of year. Put it to work in your cold water and you’ll find bass faster than everyone else.
去看看冬季的赛事,不管在美国哪里,看看钓手们竿子上绑着的饵。很少有人会把VIB绑在其中的一把竿子上,也许这才是为什么VIB在这个季节这么奏效的原因。绑个VIB试试,你会比别人更快的找到鱼。

原文作者:Kevin Scarselli
原文链接:http://www.bassfishin.com/blog/winter-lipless-crankbait/
翻译:土拨鼠



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发表于 2021-1-6 13:51:52 | 显示全部楼层
继 大河 后 鸦语也算是国产路亚饵中的艺术品了
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发表于 2021-1-6 16:46:36 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
冬季最有效的饵,抽停饵。可以长时间停留在标点,其它硬饵是做不到的。
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